Alcohol Use Disorder: Definition, Symptoms, Types and Treatment
Alcoholism, previously known as “alcohol abuse” or “alcohol dependence”, can be clinically and formally termed as “Alcohol Use Disorder”. This disorder develops when you are dependent on substances such as alcohol to cope with emotional, physical, or mental distress.
Alcohol use disorder can have some serious negative consequences such as losing a job, losing a relationship, or even, in severe cases, death. Even knowing the consequences, people with this disorder find it difficult to cope and overcome the problem.
In this article, you’ll explore more about alcohol use disorder, its symptoms, the risk factors related to this disorder, alcohol use disorder treatment, how to cope with it, and much more.
What Is Alcohol Use Disorder?
Alcohol Use Disorder can be described as a disorder where a person develops an emotional dependence on alcohol. This can involve problems such as binge drinking or having trouble controlling the consumption of alcohol. Unhealthy alcohol consumption can put your health at risk, not just physically but emotionally and mentally as well.
If continuous drinking is creating distress and problems in your daily life and overall health, it is likely you have Alcohol Use Disorder.
Symptoms Of Alcohol Use Disorder:
The DSM-5 has created a list of 11 symptoms for Alcohol use disorder. Alcohol use disorder symptoms can be:
- Consuming alcohol in larger amounts over a long period than intended.
- Trouble cutting down or controlling alcohol consumption.
- Spending too much time drinking alcohol or recovering from its after-effects.
- Craving or having a strong urge to drink.
- Facing failure at school or work due to drinking.
- Drinking alcohol despite having personal or professional problems.
- Decrease in social or recreational activities due to drinking.
- Frequent consumption of alcohol even in physically dangerous situations.
- Drinking alcohol knowing the physical and mental problems the consumption is causing.
- Developing a tolerance to alcohol.
- Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when trying to quit
There are three types of Alcohol Use Disorder:
1. Mild: To be diagnosed with mild Alcohol Use Disorder, you must have at least one or two of the above symptoms.
2. Moderate: To be diagnosed with moderate Alcohol Use Disorder, you must have at least four or five of the above symptoms.
3. Severe: To be diagnosed with severe Alcohol Use Disorder, you must have six or more of the above symptoms.
To be diagnosed with Disorder, a person must experience two or more of the AUD Disorder symptoms mentioned above.
Causes Of Alcohol Use Disorder
Alcohol use disorder can be caused by environmental and situational factors. Alcohol use disorder causes can be:
A. Family history: Children with parents diagnosed with AUD are more likely to develop alcohol use disorder.
B. Traumatic history: A person with a history of abuse, trauma, loss, abandonment, and neglect is also more likely to develop AUD.
D. Societal influence: Having parents, peers, spouses, or partners with a drinking problem may also cause a person to develop AUD.
If you or your loved one is dealing with AUD symptoms, it is recommended you immediately consult a professional therapist.
Treatment & Coping With Alcohol Use Disorder
Most people diagnosed with AUD can get treatment and the best part is that AUD can be treated with the help of detoxification, behavioral therapy, and medications. However, if left untreated, AUD can be harmful not only to your health but also to your profession, relationships, finances, and your life as a whole.
Alcohol use disorder treatment can be as follows:
Detoxification treatment depends on the intensity of your AUD. Detox can be performed on an inpatient or outpatient basis as it includes transmitting IV fluids to help avoid dehydration which can be a symptom of withdrawal.
AUD can also be treated with the help of behavioral therapy approaches. This can also help treat co-occurring mental health disorders. Treatment approaches used to treat AUD can be:
While there are not many medications that can be used to control the symptoms of AUD, there are some approved by the FDA that can help reduce craving for alcohol and reduce withdrawal symptoms.
4. Support Groups
There are online and in-person support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous or SMART Recovery that you can join to seek support and guidance from fellow alcoholics. Support groups can help you find people to connect with similar problems and experiences.
You can also seek support from professional counselors or therapists and friends or family.
5. Self Care
One of the biggest parts of the recovery process is to take care of yourself. Recognize the triggers that cause you to drink and try to avoid or remove them as much as possible. Practice some self-care techniques not only focusing on physical care but also social, mental, emotional, and spiritual as well.
Recovery Is Possible
Alcohol Use Disorder might be a difficult disorder to recover from but it is not impossible. The road to recovery might be challenging but with support, courage, and determination, you can easily reach your destination.
If you are having difficulty managing your alcohol consumption, you can always reach out to your loved ones or other people with similar experiences for support.
Remember, you are not alone.
Breaking free from addiction is a long road, so take one step at a time.
I hope this article helped you understand what is alcohol use disorder, its symptoms, causes, types, and alcohol use disorder treatment.
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Take care, be kind to yourself, and stay safe.