Understanding Dementia | Symptoms, Cause & Treatment

Last Update on May 18, 2022 : Published on September 21, 2020
Understanding Dementia

Dementia is a syndrome that progressively affects a person’s cognitive ability. The decline in cognitive functioning impacts emotional and social control. Dementia is not only harmful for the people with the syndrome but it also affects their family.

Dementia in layman terms means the loss of thinking, memory, and reasoning. People with dementia have trouble controlling their emotions and feelings. Dementia usually occurs in older people (above the age of 80) but is not a part of the aging process. Dementia damages the neurons and affects the brain cells.


Some of the common signs and symptoms of dementia are as follows:

  • Memory loss
  • Trouble in communication
  • Loss of focus and concentration
  • Visual impairment

These signs and symptoms vary from person to person as well as stages of dementia.

Causes of Dementia

causes of dementia

Dementia is not always caused by old age. There are many people over the age of 80 who have a healthy mind and body. Dementia can be caused by the following reasons:

  • Side effects of medicines
  • Stress, anxiety, and depression
  • Vitamin and mineral deficiency
  • Substance abuse
  • Blood infections
  • Concussion or a brain injury
  • Kidney or liver problems

Treatment for Dementia

treatment for dementia

Treatment of dementia is all dependent on the cause. Alzheimer’s is the most progressive form of dementia and is not curable although there are some treatments that are helpful in slowing down the symptoms. There are many types of dementia; Lewy body dementia, vascular dementia, Parkinson’s, and Huntington’s being the other common types.

Dementia treatment is mainly supportive. There are hardly any medicines available to help treat dementia but a change of environment, regular exercise, and staying social with family and friends can be helpful.

family member

It is important for a care-giver or a family member of a dementia patient to provide full support and love. Patients with dementia often have trouble recognizing their surroundings and can get hurt if not given proper care.

While there is no proven way to prevent dementia, it can be monitored by maintaining a healthy habit – mind and body.

Many things cannot be changed but adequate love and support to someone in need can help them cope with whatever problem they face. Don’t dismiss their anxiety as old age. They are humans still and they need you to listen.

We need to remember their love when they no longer can.

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About The Author

Swarnakshi Sharma
Swarnakshi Sharma

Swarnakshi is a content writer at Calm sage, who believes in a healthier lifestyle for mind and body. A fighter and survivor of depression, she strives to reach and help spread awareness on ending the stigma surrounding mental health issues. A spiritual person at heart, she believes in destiny and the power of Self. She is an avid reader and writer and likes to spend her free time baking and learning about world cultures.


  1. Aditi Singh
    Aditi Singh

    Basically dementia is deterioration in memory. It is associated with loss of thinking, remembering and reasoning skills.

  2. Chris Smith
    Chris Smith

    I can't remember the names of people and dates in the very first meeting. Is it Dementia?

    1. Swarnakshi Sharma
      Swarnakshi Sharma

      Hi Chris, thank you for visiting Calmsage. Dementia affects people over the age of 80 and is usually the result of various health problems. Although memory loss is a common symptom, dementia affects cognitive, psychological and behavioural functions as well. If you're having difficulty in any of those, we suggest talking to a physician.

  3. Steffan

    If someone has dementia, what should I not to say

    1. Swarnakshi Sharma
      Swarnakshi Sharma

      Hi Steffan, thanks for visiting Calmsage. If someone has dementia, it is not advisable to talk in long sentences or argue with the person. It is always good to listen to them and be attentive to what they are saying. You should never assume their conditions and compare them with others. I hope this information helped.

  4. Aayushi Kapoor
    Aayushi Kapoor

    Helpful information... thanks for sharing

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